The art of rug weaving in Iran have been started from 2,500 years ago. Persian carpets and rugs were at first woven as articles of need to cover the floors of roaming tribesmen, giving them assurance from the cold and hot weather. The characteristic movement of the ability and specialty associated with the formation of these art works has been passed down from age to age throughout the hundreds of years all through times of looting, invasion and war. As an international trade, the variety of patterns and structures have been developed during the centuries.
History of Persian Rugs:
The main reported proof on the presence of floor coverings originated from Chinese writings going back to the Sassanid period. In 628 Emperor, Heraclius brought back a collection of rugs from the defeat of Ctesiphon, the Sassanian capital. The Middle Easterners likewise overcome Ctesiphon in 637, and among the riches brought back were said to be numerous carpets, one of which was the famous garden rug, the “Springtime of Khosro”. This rug has gone into history as the most valuable ever. Made during the rule of Khosro I (531 – 579 Promotion) the carpet was tremendous, estimating 400′ x 100′ and weighing a few tons. History specialists portray the silk-based carpet as pursues: “The margin was a glorious blossom bed of blue, red, white, yellow and green stones; out of sight the shade of the earth was imitated with gold; clear stones like gems gave the deception of water; the plants were in silk and the natural products were shaped by shading stones”. The lord is said to have walked around the carpet in winter to help him to remember the magnificence of spring. Notwithstanding, when the Middle Easterners attacked, they cut the eminent carpet into numerous pieces, selling each piece independently.
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century and during the time of Qajar Dynasty, exchange and craftsmanship recaptured their significance. Carpet weaving started again by Tabriz carpet merchants exporting rugs to European countries through Istanbul. Some Europeans and Americans even set up organizations in Iran and composed art generation bound for western markets. Through this improvement, new designs were made in view of western tastes.
Today, Persian rugs and Persian carpets are the most extensive and valuable handicrafts in Iran. The Persian carpet is well-known for its wealth of shading, an assortment of fabulous imaginative illustrations and natural design.
What is fascinating to know is that these particular weaving methods, materials utilized and illustrations of the carpets are not simply irregular appearances. Various tribes and various regions produce their very own particular sorts of carpets that can be effectively distinguished by their trademark attributes. Persian rugs made by tribal weavers are especially not quite the same as those delivered by town or village weavers.
Village Persian carpets
The rural Persian carpets are ordinarily of a higher quality than the nomadic rugs and they have a progressively customary and reliable shapes. One of the significant explanations for this is the way that these rugs are woven utilizing for all time pitched loom. The strategy for weaving is additionally somewhat extraordinary in these carpets, for the most part, have a cotton warp and weft, which enhances the stability of the rug and adds protection from shrinkage. Likewise, with simpler access to present-day colors, weavers join a few additional hues into their weave. You can discover village Persian carpets in a large number of tones from red and blue to gold, beige and yellow.
Town-weaving Persian carpets
Town-woven Persian carpets are of the highest quality. Weavers utilize a fixed vertical loom, which enables them to create a considerably more predictable weave and furthermore a lot higher bunch thickness per square inch. These carpets have illustrated plans in a considerably more extensive scope of hues and confounded different borders.
The most famous cities which their carpets are well-known around Iran are Mashhad, Birjand, Tabriz, Arak, Isfahan, Kashan and Kerman. Furthermore, you can find the carpets in every traditional bazars all around Iran. Even you can buy some modern Persian carpets with minimal designs in newly spread handicrafts stores in big cities such as Tehran and Shiraz.
The names of tribal weaving areas in Iran are usually tied to a nearby city and/or to a tribal name. The Baluch, for example, are found throughout southern part of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kurds are found in many areas in Northwest Iran, while in other weaving areas, tribal people with Caucasian and Turkoman origins are found. The tribal rugs are usually made with natural materials – including dyes. Persian Tribal rugs, with their unique colors and patterns, bring a special warmth and vibrancy to homes. The design patterns are unique and you can’t find any similar patterns among these rugs. Most of them were not weaved according a sample pattern. The tribal women weave their rugs based on an imaginary story in their minds.