The underground city of Nushabad is also known as the city of Oui is a recently-discovered city in Aran va Bidgol County. Until a few years ago, no one knew of such a place. But recently, many tourists travel to Kashan to visit it. In fact, this is the biggest underground city in Iran. If you want to visit it, you have to travel to Kashan and when you see the sign of Aran and Bidgol, change your way to receive Nushabad.
This city was built 1500 years ago during the Sassanid period and it is even said that this city was the capital of one of the most famous Sassanid kings, namely the reign of Anushirvan Sassanid. Oui underground city is one of the most modern cities in the world but in underground type! This city, which is an original example of the so-called hand-made and original Iranian architecture, was considered as a popular city in the days when life was still going on.
Although it was built in very distant times, everything that should have been installed in it, such as entrances and exits or air conditioning, … All these findings show the intelligence of the people at that time who without any special knowledge or advanced tools, they had it and turned it into a modern and wonderful city, and of course now it is an ancient place. The city of Nushabad is one of the examples of military and defense structure that has emerged from digging tunnels underground.
The Architecture of Underground city of Oui
The length of underground city of Nushabad is about 4 kilometers, although now we can only see 400 meters. Exploring more spaces requires time and facilities of digging. The city has a total of 3 floors and its depth underground reaches up to 18 meters. In some parts of the city, there are entrances that are only 120 cm! We see many corridors on the first floor. It was very easy to hide in these corridors and escape. Sometimes the height of the corridors is too short. It was possible to live on the second and third floors. Food seems to have been hidden in these floors.
The lighting of this underground city is so attractive ad we can guess that all the corridors had always been bright enough to pass easily.
One of the most interesting things of this modern underground city is its ventilation system, which you can easily breathe even in its great depth, and you will not have any breathing problems at all. Let us tell you that after entering this city, you feel a special coolness, which of course is due to the construction of this city next to the water aqueduct (Qanat) that exists in the city of Kashan.
The other interesting architectural point about this underground city is that you can see some wells that they were actually the way of communication between the different floors. Covers were placed over the openings of these wells to block them in case of danger.
The houses of Nushabad underground city were built like ordinary houses with the traditional architecture that was built on the ground. But there were some rooms that housed families in times of danger. It should be noted that the underground city of Nushabad was also used as a shelter. For example, during the Mongol invasion, this city was used for sheltering people.
To enter the beautiful city of Oui, there is only one entrance, and after passing forty-five steps, you encounter a dense structure and many corridors in the depths of the earth, after which you reach the main parts of this amazing underground city.
Although Oui Underground city is the most attractive part of Noshabad, many travelers are still unaware of the existence of it. If you are planning a trip to Isfahan or Kashan, our travel experts can help you organize an excursion to this nice place. You just need to keep in touch with us and send your request. Also, you can visit Iran cultural tours to find your desired trip plan to Iran.